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Show full transcript for Basic First Aid Advice video

The ABCD's concept is designed to give the first aider a guide to what to do first in a first aid emergency and to show all the primary care and life-threatening conditions. You start with the "A" for Airway and open the patient's airway by moving the tongue from the back of the throat, which often blocks breathing.

Next, check for "B" for Breathing. If they are not breathing, check "C" for Circulation and administer CPR. The next thing the patient needs is "D" for Defibrillation, where an electric shock interrupts a cardiac arrest and hopefully allows the heart to start again. Once these are all ok, then we move on to the "S" of serious bleeding, shock and spinal injury. All these will be covered in our courses.

Before entering into a rescue scene, the rescuer should perform an initial assessment to ensure that the scene is safe. Next, personal protective equipment should be worn to protect the rescuer before beginning to help. If alone, the rescuer may need to put the patient in the recovery position while leaving to contact emergency services if the patient is breathing. If the patient is not breathing, then perform CPR. The recovery position allows the patient to breathe easily, stay safe, and it takes away the risk of them choking if they vomit.

Recovery Position

Check that there are no injuries that could be made worse by moving the patient and place them carefully on their side using the recovery position. ? Monitor their vital signs and keep them warm and comfortable until the EMS arrived.

If you suspect Spinal Injury and the patient is in no immediate danger do not move them. If you have to move them on to their side as you have to leave them to get help or they start to vomit then use the recovery position.

First aid is to prevent the patient getting worse and this can be done with some simple easy skills that will be learnt on the course.